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IOS 通讯录的访问和修改如何实现

IOS 通讯录的访问和修改的实现 在iOS端可以通过AddressBook或者AddressBookUI两个框架实现,区别是第二个框架带视图,一般使用...

IOS 通讯录的访问和修改的实现

在iOS端可以通过AddressBook或者AddressBookUI两个框架实现,区别是第二个框架带视图,一般使用第一个框架就够了。
下面介绍AddressBook框架的使用,注意这个是C语言框架,使用起来比较麻烦。

①请求授权

先判断授权状态,如果未授权则进行授权。

// 1.主动请求授权,先判断授权状态 
NSInteger state = ABAddressBookGetAuthorizationStatus(); 
if (state == kABAuthorizationStatusAuthorized) { 
  NSLog(@"已经授权"); 
}else{ 
  ABAddressBookRef book = ABAddressBookCreateWithOptions(NULL, NULL); 
  ABAddressBookRequestAccessWithCompletion(book, ^(bool granted, CFErrorRef error) { 
    if (granted) { 
      NSLog(@"授权成功"); 
    }else{ 
      NSLog(@"授权失败"); 
    } 
  }); 
} 

②获取通讯录的联系人

c语言没有对象,通过一些以Ref结尾的指针来获取数据。

注意C语言数组的规模通过函数获取,拿到元素也要通过函数。

注意一些枚举值以k开头。

注意电话是一个数组。

// 先判断授权状态 
if (ABAddressBookGetAuthorizationStatus() != kABAuthorizationStatusAuthorized) { 
  NSLog(@"未授权"); 
  return; 
} 
 
ABAddressBookRef book = ABAddressBookCreateWithOptions(NULL, NULL); 
CFArrayRef persons = ABAddressBookCopyArrayOfAllPeople(book); 
CFIndex count = CFArrayGetCount(persons); 
for (NSInteger i = 0; i < count; i++) { 
  ABRecordRef person = CFArrayGetValueAtIndex(persons, i); 
  CFStringRef lastName = ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonLastNameProperty); 
  CFStringRef firstName = ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonFirstNameProperty); 
  ABMutableMultiValueRef phones = ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonPhoneProperty); 
  NSLog(@"联系人:%@ %@",lastName,firstName); 
  NSInteger cnt = ABMultiValueGetCount(phones); 
  for (int j = 0; j < cnt; j++) { 
    CFStringRef phone = ABMultiValueCopyValueAtIndex(phones, j); 
    NSLog(@"电话:%@ ",phone); 
  } 
} 

③修改通讯录联系人

首先拿到通讯录中的人,然后调用SetValue方法来修改值。

最后不要忘记保存。

// 先判断授权状态 
if (ABAddressBookGetAuthorizationStatus() != kABAuthorizationStatusAuthorized) { 
  NSLog(@"未授权"); 
  return; 
} 
 
ABAddressBookRef book = ABAddressBookCreateWithOptions(NULL, NULL); 
CFArrayRef persons = ABAddressBookCopyArrayOfAllPeople(book); 
ABRecordRef person = CFArrayGetValueAtIndex(persons, 0); 
ABRecordSetValue(person, kABPersonLastNameProperty, @"changed", NULL); 
ABAddressBookSave(book, NULL); 

④添加一个联系人

注意添加电话时应创建MultiValue。

// 先判断授权状态 
if (ABAddressBookGetAuthorizationStatus() != kABAuthorizationStatusAuthorized) { 
  NSLog(@"未授权"); 
  return; 
} 
 
ABAddressBookRef book = ABAddressBookCreateWithOptions(NULL, NULL); 
CFArrayRef persons = ABAddressBookCopyArrayOfAllPeople(book); 
CFIndex count = CFArrayGetCount(persons); 
for (NSInteger i = 0; i < count; i++) { 
  ABRecordRef person = CFArrayGetValueAtIndex(persons, i); 
  CFStringRef lastName = ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonLastNameProperty); 
  CFStringRef firstName = ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonFirstNameProperty); 
  ABMutableMultiValueRef phones = ABRecordCopyValue(person, kABPersonPhoneProperty); 
  NSLog(@"联系人:%@ %@",lastName,firstName); 
  NSInteger cnt = ABMultiValueGetCount(phones); 
  for (int j = 0; j < cnt; j++) { 
    CFStringRef phone = ABMultiValueCopyValueAtIndex(phones, j); 
    NSLog(@"电话:%@ ",phone); 
  } 
}