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Javascript如何实现base64的加密解密方法

这几天使用PHP向前端传值的时候,遇到一个问题,要将代码传过去赋值。如果使用urlencode()和urldecode()函数,就会出现js无法解码的...

这几天使用PHP向前端传值的时候,遇到一个问题,要将代码传过去赋值。如果使用urlencode()和urldecode()函数,就会出现js无法解码的情况,因为php和js的相关函数算法不一致。于是准备使用通用的base64加密解密。

base64 加密解密

下方是base64用javascript写出来的函数和方法。

//1.加密解密方法使用:
//1.加密 
var str = ‘124中文内容‘; 
var base = new Base64(); 
var result = base.encode(str); 
//document.write(result); 
//2.解密 
var result2 = base.decode(result); 
document.write(result2); 
//2.加密、解密算法封装:
function Base64() { 
  // private property 
  _keyStr = "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz0123456789+/="; 
  // public method for encoding 
  this.encode = function (input) { 
    var output = ""; 
    var chr1, chr2, chr3, enc1, enc2, enc3, enc4; 
    var i = 0; 
    input = _utf8_encode(input); 
    while (i < input.length) { 
      chr1 = input.charCodeAt(i++); 
      chr2 = input.charCodeAt(i++); 
      chr3 = input.charCodeAt(i++); 
      enc1 = chr1 >> 2; 
      enc2 = ((chr1 & 3) << 4) | (chr2 >> 4); 
      enc3 = ((chr2 & 15) << 2) | (chr3 >> 6); 
      enc4 = chr3 & 63; 
      if (isNaN(chr2)) { 
        enc3 = enc4 = 64; 
      } else if (isNaN(chr3)) { 
        enc4 = 64; 
      } 
      output = output + 
      _keyStr.charAt(enc1) + _keyStr.charAt(enc2) + 
      _keyStr.charAt(enc3) + _keyStr.charAt(enc4); 
    } 
    return output; 
  } 
  // public method for decoding 
  this.decode = function (input) { 
    var output = ""; 
    var chr1, chr2, chr3; 
    var enc1, enc2, enc3, enc4; 
    var i = 0; 
    input = input.replace(/[^A-Za-z0-9+/=]/g, ""); 
    while (i < input.length) { 
      enc1 = _keyStr.indexOf(input.charAt(i++)); 
      enc2 = _keyStr.indexOf(input.charAt(i++)); 
      enc3 = _keyStr.indexOf(input.charAt(i++)); 
      enc4 = _keyStr.indexOf(input.charAt(i++)); 
      chr1 = (enc1 << 2) | (enc2 >> 4); 
      chr2 = ((enc2 & 15) << 4) | (enc3 >> 2); 
      chr3 = ((enc3 & 3) << 6) | enc4; 
      output = output + String.fromCharCode(chr1); 
      if (enc3 != 64) { 
        output = output + String.fromCharCode(chr2); 
      } 
      if (enc4 != 64) { 
        output = output + String.fromCharCode(chr3); 
      } 
    } 
    output = _utf8_decode(output); 
    return output; 
  } 
  // private method for UTF-8 encoding 
  _utf8_encode = function (string) { 
    string = string.replace(/
/g,"
"); 
    var utftext = ""; 
    for (var n = 0; n < string.length; n++) { 
      var c = string.charCodeAt(n); 
      if (c < 128) { 
        utftext += String.fromCharCode(c); 
      } else if((c > 127) && (c < 2048)) { 
        utftext += String.fromCharCode((c >> 6) | 192); 
        utftext += String.fromCharCode((c & 63) | 128); 
      } else { 
        utftext += String.fromCharCode((c >> 12) | 224); 
        utftext += String.fromCharCode(((c >> 6) & 63) | 128); 
        utftext += String.fromCharCode((c & 63) | 128); 
      } 
    } 
    return utftext; 
  } 
  // private method for UTF-8 decoding 
  _utf8_decode = function (utftext) { 
    var string = ""; 
    var i = 0; 
    var c = c1 = c2 = 0; 
    while ( i < utftext.length ) { 
      c = utftext.charCodeAt(i); 
      if (c < 128) { 
        string += String.fromCharCode(c); 
        i++; 
      } else if((c > 191) && (c < 224)) { 
        c2 = utftext.charCodeAt(i+1); 
        string += String.fromCharCode(((c & 31) << 6) | (c2 & 63)); 
        i += 2; 
      } else { 
        c2 = utftext.charCodeAt(i+1); 
        c3 = utftext.charCodeAt(i+2); 
        string += String.fromCharCode(((c & 15) << 12) | ((c2 & 63) << 6) | (c3 & 63)); 
        i += 3; 
      } 
    } 
    return string; 
  } 
}