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Android开发,URI 如:发短信,发彩信,调用通讯录等

一、直接拨打电话,与三不同的是,这个直接拨打电话,而不是打开拨号界面 Uri uri = Uri parse("tel:10086"); Intent intent = new Intent(Intent ACTION_CALL, uri);二、打开拨号界面,类型是I ...

一、直接拨打电话,与三不同的是,这个直接拨打电话,而不是打开拨号界面
 
    Uri uri = Uri.parse("tel:10086");
    Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_CALL, uri);
 
二、打开拨号界面,类型是Intent.ACTION_DIAL
 
    Uri uri = Uri.parse("tel:10086");
    Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_DIAL, uri);
 
三、打开一个网页,类别是Intent.ACTION_VIEW
 
    Uri uri = Uri.parse("http://www.android-study.net/");
    Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, uri);
 
四、卸载一个应用,Intent的类别是Intent.ACTION_DELETE
 
    Uri uri = Uri.fromParts("package", "xxx", null);
    Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_DELETE, uri);
 
五、打开地图并定位到一个点
 
    Uri uri = Uri.parse("geo:52.76,-79.0342");
    Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, uri);
 
六、播放音频文件
 
    Uri uri = Uri.parse("file:///sdcard/download/everything.mp3");
    Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, uri);
    intent.setType("audio/mp3");
 
七、安装应用程序,Intent的类别是Intent.ACTION_PACKAGE_ADDED
 
    Uri uri = Uri.fromParts("package", "xxx", null);
    Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_PACKAGE_ADDED, uri);
 
八、打开发邮件界面
 
    Uri uri= Uri.parse("mailto:androidstudynet@126.com");
    Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, uri);
 
九、发邮件,与上一个不同这里是将邮件发送出去
 
    Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);
    String[] tos = { "androidstudynet@126.com" };
    String[] ccs = { "aaa@126.com" };
    intent.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_EMAIL, tos);
    intent.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_CC, ccs);
    intent.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_TEXT, "I come from http://www.android-study.net");
    intent.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_SUBJECT, "http://www.android-study.net");intent.setType("message/rfc882");
    Intent.createChooser(intent, "Choose Email Client");
 
    //发送带附件的邮件
 
    Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);
    intent.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_SUBJECT, "The email subject text");
    intent.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_STREAM, "file:///sdcard/mynusic.mp3");
    intent.setType("audio/mp3");
    startActivity(Intent.createChooser(intent, "Choose Email Client"));
 
十、直接发短信
 
    Uri uri= Uri.parse("smsto://100861");
    Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SENDTO, uri);
    intent.putExtra("sms_body", "安卓发送邮件测试 http://www.android-study.net");
 
十一、发彩信
 
    Uri uri= Uri.parse("content://media/external/images/media/23");
    Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);
    intent.putExtra("sms_body", "安卓发送邮件测试 http://www.android-study.net");
    intent.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_STREAM, uri);
    intent.setType("image/png");
 
十二、发短信
 
    Uri uri= Uri.parse("tel:10086");
    Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, uri);
    intent.putExtra("sms_body", "安卓发送邮件测试 http://www.android-study.net");
    intent.setType("vnd.Android-dir/mms-sms");
 
 
十三、调用相册
 
    public static final String MIME_TYPE_IMAGE_JPEG = "image/*";
    public static final int ACTIVITY_GET_IMAGE = 0;
    Intent getImage = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_GET_CONTENT);
    getImage.addCategory(Intent.CATEGORY_OPENABLE);
    getImage.setType(MIME_TYPE_IMAGE_JPEG);
    startActivityForResult(getImage, ACTIVITY_GET_IMAGE);
 
十四、# Market 相关
 
    1 //寻找某个应用
    Uri uri = Uri.parse("market://search?q=pname:pkg_name");
    Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, uri);
    startActivity(it);
 
    2 //显示某个应用的相关信息
    Uri uri = Uri.parse("market://details?id=app_id");
    Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, uri);
    startActivity(it);
 
 
十五、安装指定apk
 
    public void setupAPK(String apkname){
        String fileName = Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory() + "/" + apkname;
        Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);
        intent.setDataAndType(Uri.fromFile(new File(fileName)), "application/vnd.android.package-archive");
        mService.startActivity(intent);
    }
 
十六、路径规划
 
    Uri uri = Uri.parse("http://maps.google.com/maps?f=d&saddr=startLat%20startLng&daddr=endLat%20endLng&hl=en");
    Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, uri);
    startActivity(it);
 
十七、进入联系人页面
 
    Intent intent = new Intent();
    intent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);
    intent.setData(People.CONTENT_URI);
    startActivity(intent);
 
十八、查看指定联系人
 
    Uri personUri = ContentUris.withAppendedId(People.CONTENT_URI, info.id);// info.id联系人ID
    Intent intent = new Intent();
    intent.setAction(Intent.ACTION_VIEW);
    intent.setData(personUri);
    startActivity(intent);
 
 
十九、调用系统相机应用程序,并存储拍下来的照片
 
    Intent intent = new Intent(MediaStore.ACTION_IMAGE_CAPTURE);
    time = Calendar.getInstance().getTimeInMillis();
    intent.putExtra(MediaStore.EXTRA_OUTPUT, Uri.fromFile(new File(Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory().getAbsolutePath()+"/tucue", time + ".jpg")));
    startActivityForResult(intent, ACTIVITY_GET_CAMERA_IMAGE);
 
二十、调用浏览器打开网页
 
1.调用浏览器打开网页
 
Intent it = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_VIEW, Uri.parse("http://www.android-study.net"));
it.setClassName("com.android.browser", "com.android.browser.BrowserActivity");
startActivity(it);
 
2.调用浏览器打开本地网页
 
Intent intent=new Intent();
intent.setAction("android.intent.action.VIEW");
Uri localurl= Uri.parse("content://com.android.htmlfileprovider/sdcard/localweb.html");
intent.setData(localurl);
intent.setClassName("com.android.browser", "com.android.browser.BrowserActivity");
startActivity(intent);